Өтгөн ялгадас ба лагийн менежментийн шинэ шийдлүүд

Fecal Sludge Management Innovations

Энэхүү илтгэлд Гейтсийн Сан(Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation)-гийн санаачлагаар Энэтхэг Улсад зохион байгуулсан FSM4 хурлын үеэр яригдсан сэдэв, тараагдсан материалыг ашиглав.

Илтгэгч: Цэдэвдамбын Оюунгэрэл 2017 оны 4 сарын 12






• БИОНҮҮРС(Хөрс сэргээгч, үнэр дарагч, аюултай хог саармагжуулагч)

Бордоо, метан хий гаргах шийдэлд шаардагдах урьдчилсан нөхцөл

• Өтгөн, лаг нь ялзмагжих явцдаа 60°С-с дээш хэмээр халж нян устгах бололцоотой байхын тулд байнга 20°С ба түүнээс дээш хэмийн дулаан орчинд ялзмагжуулах. Бүх шат дамжлагад дулаан байх шаардлагатай. • Өтгөн, шингэн ялгадасыг салгадаг жорлонтой байх. Өтгөн ялгадасыг эх үүсвэр дээр хуурайшуулдаг байх. Шээсийг тусад нь авч бордоо хийх. • Бордооны хамгийн чухал элемент болох азот, фосфор, аммиакийг өтгөн ялгадас ба лагаас ууршуулж агаарт алдахгүйн тулд битүү байдлаар бордооны түүхий эдийг хурааж авч чаддаг байх. Угаадас хольж үл болох. • Өтгөн, лагийг эх үүсвэр дээр нь ялзмагжуулаагүй тохиолдолд түүхий эдийг хуучруулахгүйгээр татан авч чаддаг цулгуулалтын бизнес, зохион байгуулалт • Өтгөн лагийг их хэмжээгээр цуглуулж, ялзмагжуулж, бордоо хийх байгууламж • Ялмагзуулалт эх үүсвэр дээр хийгдэх үед метан хийг аюулгүй хурааж авах, хэрэглэх төхөөрөмж, хийн дотоод сүлжээ. • Өтгөн лагтай нүүр тулж ажиллаж чадах үндэсний ажиллах хүчинтэй байх. Click here to read more


A Case Study on a UN Supported International Conference of New or Restored Democracies

In this paper, I will analyze prediction of institutionalism theories that state “the logic of copying externally defined identities promotes profound decoupling” (J.Meyer, J.Boli etc., 1997). The theory further implies that such copying policy is not a favorable one for the receiving country.

Question then arise as to ‘why isomorphism does not stop as a process? Where does it start? And in which direction does it cause the most significant decoupling?’ I look for answers for these questions in two ways: 1) by raising questions from current studies on isomorphism; and 2) from a case study on international conferences of new or restored democracies.

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One hundred thirteen years ago, when the Stanford family opened our wonderful University, my country Mongolia was one the most forgotten and backward nations in the world. It took a whole century and a decade for the first Mongolian national to study among the Stanford community.
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A Speech Prepared For The Panel “Future Of Mongolia” Organized For Stanford Travelers

chingis sculpture

The very place where we are discussing about Mongolia’s future carries the name of the Founding father of my country—Chinggis Khaan. He spent half of his life for the unification of Mongolian warring tribes. Now we know that Mongolia saw the political turmoil of today’s Afghanistan eight hundred years ago and overcome it without foreign involvement thanks to the great wisdom of Chinggis Khaan. I wonder how did Chinggis Khaan manage to make enemies to friends, how did he manage to unite the divided?! I think it is not only the war he managed to make. I think there are many more secrets behind his success that are yet to be discovered and could help build our future.
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Presentations of the World News in Soviet Union and Russian Media Compared to British and American Media

Research essay on Ekho Planeti, Newsweek and The Economics

In the modern world, the media is the most popular guide to basic images of the globe and its events. Radio, TV and newspapers mention the names of foreign countries, cities and places which depict in our mind a first understanding of unknown places. Readers and viewers of different media have varied perspectives about the outside world depending on what kind of media dominate in their country. Intrigued by differences in focusing on world news by current Russian and former Soviet Union media, I conducted current research focusing on one prominent Russian weekly publication --Ekho Planety. In English, Ekho Planety means ‘Echo of the Planet.’

The first part of the research focuses on the style and main topics of Ekho Planeti of 1988 and 2003. Seven sequential issues of both years will be compared for their attitude and priorities in the world news. The size and structure of the issues will also be compared to that of the British weekly magazine The Economist and the American weekly, Newsweek.
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Econometric Modeling of the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of the 104th Congress

Mike Solomon, Oyungerel Tsdevdamba, and Sam Tyre

photo by monika

The Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act (PL 104-132) was passed in the in 1996 by the 104th Congress. This act sought to strengthen laws against terrorism and restrict appeals on death penalty convictions.

Using Probit estimates, our paper attempts to model the House of Representatives’ voting behavior for the bill. We hypothesized that a combination of factors including ideology, party, and other variables played a large role in determining each Congress member’s vote. As our research proved, many of our hypothesized variables did play a significant role.

Conversely, other variables that were thought to be important in the literature turned out to be insignificant. After reviewing a number of sources surrounding the subject of terrorism and running multiple regressions, a final Probit model is proposed to best predict the probability of voting in favor of the bill.

Universality of First Generation Rights In Mongolia

Most people did not know true stories of where our taxes go, and how much we depend on Soviet Union and its communist party and how much we were isolated from the rest of the world. Many traditions were prohibited; Mongolian Universities were forced to teach in Russian. Society divided into classes where Russians and Ruling party elites were provided with special procurement and services, there were plenty of shops and goods where regular Mongolian had no access to.

Reasons of such discriminations and acceptable to all forms of struggle for equality and national identity were unclear until few young graduates from Mongolian, Polish, Hungarian, German and Soviet Union universities began writing articles and essays about Mongolian reality and spread their essays out secretly.

From hand to hand, from door to door few, typed, crumbled pages were read by thousands of scattered men and women all over the vast territory of Mongolia and those pages made their readers shocked with truthfulness and power of their content. Among these information there was only one document not composed by a Mongolian author. It was the translated text of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
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Building Natural Conditions for the Intellectual Property Rights Regime in Mongolia

One can easily find recommendations issued by international organizations about what developing countries ought to do in order to meet international standards that are supposed to lead to long-term economic development. One such recommendation states that “developing countries, like the other countries, should be able to do in practice what TRIPS [Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights] allows them to do in theory…” (Overview of Human Development Report 2001). This is a typical expectation for developing countries that voluntarily join an international agreement.

However, it is often the case that countries join international agreements because they are tempted by the promise of short-term gains (i.e. foreign investment, aid and loans) rather than understanding and accepting the fundamental intentions behind the agreement provisions. Neither do they imagine the amount of work that has to be done in order to meet the requirements that follow the adoption of such agreements.

Established by WTO international norms on Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) are based on progressive practices of the western countries that have reached their current level of institutional development in IPR throughout more than two centuries (counting from the earliest patent issued, it would be 529 years).